Treatments targeted at specific conditions.
Shoulder Impingement Syndrome
Also known as Swimmer’s or even Thrower’s Shoulder, the condition known as Impingement Syndrome occurs when tendons at the rotator cuff (i.e. the supraspinatus, subscapularis minor) infraspinatus muscles) become ‘impinged’ as they pass through the subacromial space near the shoulder blade. Repetitive pinching results in inflamed and irritated tendons.
How to tell if you have Shoulder Impingement Syndrome
- Pain when raising your arm above the head
- Pain in the shoulder that worsens over time
- Pain when turning the arm sidewards or outwards
Rotator Cuff Muscle Strain
Supraspinatus, teres minor, subscapularis and infraspinatus are the muscles that make up the rotator cuff and which, in turn, help to stabilise the glenohumeral (shoulder joint). Rotator cuff injuries are either due to damage or inflammation to the muscle or tendon.
How to tell if you have Rotator Cuff Muscle Strain
- Pain in the area or a particular pain point
- Pain which is easily located
And, in chronic cases:
- Pain accompanied by weakness
- Raising the arm is difficult
- The development of other impingement syndromes
AC Joint Injury/Separation
The highest area of the shoulder, the AC joint, is where the shoulder blade and collar bone meet (acromion and clavicle). Any separation of the two is the result of damage to the ligaments. This type of injury varies by degree and should always be checked by a professional.
How to tell if you have AC Joint Injury/Separation
- A visible lump in the shoulder area
- Pain, which starts vaguely and then becomes localized
- Pain lifting the arm above shoulder level
Often holding the body in a particular position for long periods (ie sitting at a desk or repeatedly digging) can result in tenderness and tension in the shoulders. This results in ‘knots’ best relieved via massage, stretching and joint manipulation.
How to tell if you have Shoulder Stiffness
- Painful shoulders, which also feel tender
- Restrictions in the movement of the neck
- ‘Knots’ in the shoulder area