Knees

Treatments targeted at specific conditions.

Please call 999 if you experience any of the following:

  • Paralysis or weakness in one or both arms and/or one side of the face
  • Slurred or garbled speech
  • A sudden agonising headache resulting in a blinding pain unlike anything experienced before
  • Headache along with a high temperature (fever), stiff neck, mental confusion, seizures, double vision and a rash

These symptoms can signify a more severe condition such as Meningitis or a Stroke and should be assessed by a doctor as soon as possible.

Runners Knee

Not uncommon among those training for a marathon, a runner’s knee results from a thickening of the Ilio-tibial (band of tissue) outside the leg where the quadriceps muscles sit. Running causes it to hit the outside of the femur resulting in pain. The knee is also lifted from its normal running position, and pain in the knee cap develops.

How to tell if you have Runners Knee

  • Pain in the area around the knee
  • The knee clicking when you move
  • Tenderness from hip to knee, outside the leg. It also feels tight.
  • Pain running downhill

Patello-femoral Pain Syndrome

Patello-femoral pain syndrome is a type of pain experienced at the front of an individual’s kneecap. It is caused by the muscles in the thigh pushing the knee cap from its standard groove on the thigh bone. When this happens, the knee cap rubs against the cartilage, resulting in pain.

How to tell if you have a Patello-femoral Pain Syndrome

  • Pain in the area around the outside of the knee
  • Pain after sitting for long periods
  • Tight quadriceps, calf and hamstrings
  • A clicking of the knee on bending

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear

Running from the back of the thigh bone and down the shin bone, the anterior cruciate is usually torn due to the knee twisting when the foot lands. Sometimes an untoward tackle can also cause an injury.

Although they are relatively common and can be painful and distressing, growing pains will not cause long-term damage.

How to tell if you have an Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear

  • Difficulty straightening the knee
  • A swollen knee
  • Pain in the knee area

Medial Collateral Ligament Tear

Running along the inside of the knee, the medial collateral ligament joins the thigh and shin bones together. It tends to get torn when a force is pressed against the knee, creating a gap. The tear can be different, i.e. from grade 1 to 3.

How to tell if you have a Medial Collateral Ligament Tear

  • Swelling at the knee, and it feels tender
  • An unstable knee

Growing Pains

Affecting up to 45 per cent of youngsters, growing pains tend to hit between the ages of seven and 12. The muscles and not the bones cause them. One hypothesis is that a child’s bones grow rapidly during a ‘growth spurt’. The muscles surrounding these bones struggle to keep up with the speed of the bone growth and, therefore, as they are stretched, become very tight. They pull on their attachments via their tendons, which can be very painful and sometimes result in conditions such as Osgood Schlatters. Growing pains tend to make themselves known after a day of heavy exertion.

Although they are fairly common and can be painful and distressing, growing pains will not cause long-term damage.

How to tell if you have Growing Pains

  • Cramp-like pain
  • The calves and thighs are most commonly affected
  • The pain occurs after a lot of running around or a busy day.