Ankles & Feet

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis involves the foot’s arch. This takes the form of thick tissue from heel to toe and it allows the foot to ‘spring’ thereby absorbing impact. When the plantar fascia collagen fibres break down the individual experiences pain. We find that around two thirds of individuals suffering from this type of injury are experiencing bone growth in the area which then presses down on the plantar fasciitis.

How to tell if you have plantar fasciitis

You experience:

  • Pain when running (particularly in a downhill direction)
  • Discomfort in the heel and inside arch of the foot
  • Initial pain on waking up

Achilles Tendinopathy

Archilles Tendinopathy is a breakdown of tissue structure rather than inflammation. This injury can be result of too much training or exercise over a sustained period of time. It can also be caused by rolling at the ankle, a stiff ankle joint or even a change in footwear.

How to tell if you have Achilles tendionopathy

You experience:

  • Pain above the Achilles
  • Pain which goes away when resting
  • Tenderness in the area
  • Bumps on the tendon

Ankle Sprain

The ankle can twist in two ways – from the inside (the most common) or outside. When this happens the anterior talofibula ligament will commonly be damaged.

How to tell if you have an ankle sprain

You experience:

  • Difficulty putting weight on your ankle and tend to limp
  • Bruising around the bone of the ankle
  • Pain and tenderness in and around the ankle area


Caused by the joints being over used (ie wear and tear), the cartilage rubs away so that bone ends up rubbing against bone and forming osteophytes (new bone-like growth). It results in pain and inflamed joints. Movement is restricted to the point it can prove extremely debilitating.

How to tell if you have arthritis

You experience:

  • Stiffness first thing in the morning
  • Pain (is osteoarthritis is involved)
  • The joints feel hot and swell up