Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis involves the foot’s arch. This takes the form of thick tissue from heel to toe and it allows the foot to ‘spring’ thereby absorbing impact. When the plantar fascia collagen fibres break down the individual experiences pain. We find that around two thirds of individuals suffering from this type of injury are experiencing bone growth in the area which then presses down on the plantar fasciitis.

How to tell if you have plantar fasciitis

You experience:

  • Pain when running (particularly in a downhill direction)
  • Discomfort in the heel and inside arch of the foot
  • Initial pain on waking up

Achilles Tendinopathy

Archilles Tendinopathy is a breakdown of tissue structure rather than inflammation. This injury can be result of too much training or exercise over a sustained period of time. It can also be caused by rolling at the ankle, a stiff ankle joint or even a change in footwear.

How to tell if you have Achilles tendionopathy

You experience:

  • Pain above the Achilles
  • Pain which goes away when resting
  • Tenderness in the area
  • Bumps on the tendon

Shin Splints

Muscle tension at the periostium of the tibia (sheath surrounding the bone) can lead to tension and inflammation and tenderness at the front and side of the shin bone. It’s usually caused by overuse.

How to tell if you have a difficulty with shin splints

You experience:

  • Pain in the shin area
  • Slight bumps at the shin
  • It’s particularly painful when you start exercising

Runners Knee

Not uncommon amongst those training for a marathon, runner’s knee is the result of a thickening of the Ilio-tibial (band of tissue) on the outside of the leg where the quadriceps muscles sit. Running causes it to hit against the outside of the femur resulting in pain. The knee is also lifted from its normal running position and pain in the knee cap develops.

How to tell if you have runners knee

You experience

  • Pain in the area around the knee
  • The knee clicking when you move
  • Tenderness from hip to knee, outside the leg. It also feels tight.
  • Pain running downhill

Hamstring Strain

A group of three muscles situated from behind the knee to the pelvis, the hamstring muscles allow the knee to bend. Over-stretching can damage them as can vigorous sport or intense gym work. Not stretching prior or after exercise can cause them to become shortened.

How to tell if you have hamstring strain

You experience:

  • A different walk
  • Stretching causes pain and the area feels tender
  • That area (where it hurts) feels weak and as if it’s about to collapse