Also known as Swimmer’s or even Thrower’s Shoulder, the condition known as Impingement Syndrome occurs when tendons at the rotator cuff (ie the supraspinatus, subscapularis minor and infraspinatus muscles) becoming ‘impinged’ as they pass through the subacromial space near the shoulder blade. Repetitive pinching results in inflamed and irritated tendons.
How to tell if you have shoulder impingement syndrome
Supraspinatus, teres minor, subscapularis and infraspinatus are the muscles that make up the rotator cuff and which in turn help to stabilise the glenohumeral (shoulder joint). Rotator cuff injuries are either due to either damage or inflammation to the muscle or tendon.
How to tell if you have a rotator cuff muscle strain
The highest area of the shoulder, the AC joint is where the shoulder blade and collar bone meet (acromium and clavicle). Any separation of the two is the result of damage to the ligaments. This type of injury varies by degree and should always be checked by a professional.
How to tell if you have an AC joint injury/separation
A visible lump in the shoulder area
Pain, which starts off vague then becomes localized
A group of three muscles situated from behind the knee to the pelvis, the hamstring muscles allow the knee to bend. Over-stretching can damage them as can vigorous sport or intense gym work. Not stretching prior or after exercise can cause them to become shortened.
How to tell if you have hamstring strain
A different walk
Stretching causes pain and the area feels tender
That area (where it hurts) feels weak and as if it’s about to collapse